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The Basics of Blackjack

Blackjack is a game that is played with one or more 52-card decks. The goal is to accumulate cards that total as close to 21 as possible without going over.

Basic strategy in blackjack can help you turn the tables in your favor. However, it won’t guarantee you a huge return on your bets.

Game rules

Blackjack is a game of chance, but with some skill and basic strategy you can increase your chances of winning. The key to winning is knowing when to hit, stand, split or double down and what moves to make based on the total value of your cards and the dealer’s cards.

The first step to learning blackjack is to memorize a few basic strategies. The best way to do this is to copy a chart and refer to it while you play. You’ll soon be able to make the optimal move for whatever hand you’re dealt.


Odds are a ratio that expresses the probability of winning or losing an event. They are usually expressed as a fraction and can be found in any number of forms.

A calculator will convert the odds for a specific event to a decimal value of probability and a percentage of success or failure. A good example is the odds of winning a raffle.

When it comes to betting, you should always set aside a fixed sum of money to last for a certain period of time. This will help you calculate how much you can afford to lose and how to manage your bankroll efficiently. Moreover, it will prevent you from getting carried away by the excitement of winning and losing streaks. It’s also a good idea to take regular breaks from the game so you can relax and rejuvenate.


Blackjack insurance is a side bet that players may choose to make when the dealer’s up card is an ace. It pays 2-1 if the dealer has a natural blackjack (21).

However, many experts believe that taking insurance is a bad idea and it will only add to your losses in the long run. In fact, it is one of the worst bets in the game and has no place in a good basic strategy.

The reason why insurance is a bad bet is because it has a negative expected value (EV). This means that it will cost you money regardless of the outcome of the hand. In addition, it is rarely profitable and requires a great deal of knowledge about the deck. Nevertheless, insurance does have some merit for skilled card counters.

Dealer’s face-down card

The dealer starts the game by shuffling a deck of cards and distributing them to players in the usual order. A lucky player might get a pair of kings or queens. Then the dealer turns over one card to each player and one card to himself.

The most important card is the dealer’s face-down card, which is a bit of a mystery since the dealer does not see it. This is the card that determines the most important of the many blackjack decisions: hit, stand, double down or split. For the most part, a dealer who has the right hand of a queen will opt for the latter. However, a dealer who is in the mood for a quick buck might just go all-in.

Tie hands

A hand that is a tie, or “push,” does not win for the player or dealer. Instead, the chips in the betting circle stay in place, and the hand is resolved without any adjustment to bets.

Blackjack games also offer a side bet called insurance, which pays when the dealer’s face-up card is an ace and the player has a blackjack. The house edge on insurance bets is a bit higher than for regular blackjack, but it is a very profitable money-maker for casinos.

Some players also have the option of doubling down, which requires that you play two cards before drawing another one. Doubling down is an important strategy in blackjack because it increases your chances of winning a hand and helps reduce the house edge.

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